What Are Your Rights As A Nigerian Citizen?

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What Are Your Rights As A Nigerian Citizen?
Ifeoma Odimba

Ifeoma Odimba

Ifeoma Odimba is a legal practitioner based in Lagos, Nigeria. She is a human rights advocate who is committed to making sure Nigerians know their legal rights.
Ifeoma Odimba
“What you are ignorant of, you can not demand for” -Ifeoma Odimba ( 2014)

We live in a Society where there are so much Laws but so little is done when it comes to enforcement of these laws. The question is,

Aren’t there sufficient laws guarding our rights as a people?

Are the institutions of enforcement so weak that they can’t protect the rights of Citizens ?

Are the Citizens aware of their rights and do they know how to enforce them?

“What you are ignorant of, you cannot demand for”-Ifeoma Odimba ( 2014)

I believe that the key to solving Nigeria’s problem is not just basic education but legal education. Legal awareness is fundamental to solving Nigeria’s most challenging problems which are; corruption, poverty and rights abuse. It is not enough to have a set of rules codified or written in our laws that cannot be enforced.

Your 12 Fundamental Rights As a Nigerian Citizen

As Nigerians, our Fundamental Human Rights are provided for under Chapter IV of the 1999 constitution. These rights include;

  1. Right to life – Section 33 (1999 constitution) Every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life,save in execution of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in Nigeria.
  2. Right to dignity of human person – Section 34 (1999 Constitution) Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of person and accordingly no person shall be subject to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment.
  3. Right to personal liberty – Section 35 (1999 constitution) Every person shall be entitled to his personal liberty and no person shall be deprived of such liberty.
  4. Right to fair hearing – Section 36 (1999 constitution) In the determination of a person’s civil rights and obligations, every person shall be entitled to fair hearing.
  5. Right to private and family life – Section 37 (1999 constitution) The privacy of citizens, their homes, correspondences and telephone conversations  is guaranteed and protected.
  6. Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion – Section 38(1999 constitution) Every person shall be entitle to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief.
  7. Right to freedom of expression and the press- Section 39 (1999 constitution) Every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions.
  8. Right to peaceful assembly and association – Section 40 (1999 constitution) Every person shall be entitled to assemble freely and associate with other persons or political party.
  9. Right to freedom of movement – Section 41 (1999 constitution) Every citizen in Nigeria is entitled to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof.
  10. Right to freedom from discrimination – section 42 (1999 constitution) No Nigerian shall be discriminated upon on the basis of his community, ethnic group, sex, place of origin and political opinion.
  11. Right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria – Section 43 (1999 constitution) Every Citizen shall have right to own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.
  12. Right against compulsory acquisition of property – section 44 (1999 constitution)

Ifeoma Odimba is a legal practitioner based in Lagos, Nigeria. For more information visit and like her Facebook page Your Rights With Ifeoma

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